Kagoshima Environmental Studies Program, Special Edition
The symphony that gives light to the region
The History and Issues of Kagoshima Environmental Studies Program
The Prospect of the Amami and Ryukyu Islands being listed for natural World Heritage
Leslie F. Molloy
■Greetings from the stage wing
I am in Naze, Amami City. I came here with some of the members of the Kagoshima Environmental Studies Program to participate, as observers, in the Fourth Wild Boar Summit celebrating the 60th anniversary of the Amami Islands’ reversion to Japan. It is also my intention to learn about the various ways through which different regions or cultures have developed in dealing with nature. I was watching Ogamiyama through the hotel window and wondering what the same landscape looked like to the eyes of the people 60 years ago when Amami became part of Japan again. Ten years have passed since I visited Amami Oshima for the first time on the half century anniversary of Amami Oshima’s reversion to Japan.
There is a story behind my emotion that I would like to share with you. My father was on the island for a very short while and saw the landscape when he was in his teens. The island had just been returned to Japan. He was born in a remote corner of Nagasaki City and got a job a year after graduating middle school on a mackerel-fishing boat. It used stick-held dip nets. The boat spent three days or so after leaving Misumi Port, Kumamoto to reach the fishing ground in the East China Sea off Okinawa. There were boats from Okinawa and other parts of Japan in the fishing ground busy catching mackerel under the torch for luring fish at night. It was probably the winter of 1955 or 1956. One of my father’s classmates was on board too and was badly injured when he got his foot caught up in a fishing net roller. However, the request for a port call at Okinawa was rejected because Okinawa was not part of Japan at the time. The boat changed course and headed for a hospital in Amami Oshima. In spite of desperate efforts, he died on board. The boat landed at a pier near the mouth of Naze port. Police inspected the scene and a medical doctor declared the death.
My father was in his mid-teens at the time and became deeply impressed with the landscape he saw: a stormy, leaden sea and thick colonies of wild sago palms on the mountainsides. He did not have a chance to visit the island again, but the image of the landscape lived in his memory for nearly six decades after the incident.
At the end of the 1970s, 25 years before I visited Amami for the first time, my mentor in science of religion, Professor Susumu Shimazono, came here as a research member of Kyugakkai Rengo (Federation of Nine Academic Associations). I heard from him about his visit around the time when I visited Amami for the first time. That was his first field work at the graduate school. I did my first thesis adviser’s work as a teacher on the doctoral thesis of Ms. Megumi Asanuma (Takarabe) of Naze. Professor Shimazono was the second reader in the thesis examination held in November 2011.
Six months later, I spent half a year in Naze as part of my work at the Graduate School PhD Program, Island Policy Course and my two sons went to Naze Elementary School at the foot of Ogamiyama for a short while. In short, Amami and I are linked by fate.
The Kagoshima Environmental Studies Program working group published its fifth book, following Kagoshima Environmental Studies Program I to III and Key-words Dictionary of Kagoshima Environment. The book developed out of the academic discussions the working group had regarding the people of Amami and Kagoshima and their lifestyles from the viewpoint of outsiders such as my father, my mentor and me, and out of the meaning that surfaces when such outsiders interact with the locals. I would greatly appreciate it if you end up learning from the book. I hope you will feel the harmony in the process in which the working group attempted to work together in an interdisciplinary way, to get as close as possible to the field and to deepen discussion.
In the backstage, Mr. Seiichi Matsuzaki and Ms. Akana Nigi of the Kagoshima University Research Cooperation Section played a vital role in preparing manuscripts and making the communications among the authors go smoothly. Also instrumental in getting the book published were Mr. Yoshitaka Mukohara, President of Nanpou Shinsha and editor Ms. Yuka Umekita of the editorial department. I express my gratitude for their support in publishing the book.
The symphony orchestra is ready to go!
1 November 2012
■Table of Contents
Greetings from the stage wing Akira Nishimura
History and Issues of Kagoshima Environmental Studies Program Akira Nishimura
1st movement Symphony of Knowledge and Practice
Session 1 Chinese Literature vs Environmental Education
Intersecting Viewpoints Nansei Islands――
Political, Topographical and Natural History Viewpoints Takashi Takatsu 35
Kagoshima Environmental Studies Program and Environmental Education
――Yuko Oguri 42
Session 2 Arts and Crafts vs Plants
Arts and Crafts Kagoshima Landscapes in Paintings――Kyoko Fukaminato 51
Plants Phylogenetic Botany and Arts & Crafts――Junko Miyamoto 60
Session 3 Animal Ecology vs Environmental Administration
Animal Ecology “The Human?Nature Relationship” as seen through an
interdisciplinary fusion experiment――Kei Kawai 68
Environmental Administration Nature reserves and community building――Takahiro Okano 77
Session 4 Mass Media vs Licensed Guide
Mass Media Amami’s potential for information dissemination ―Kentaro Maruyama 84
Guide interpretation Ways to increase understanding of Kagoshima’s nature ――Michiko Yamasaki
Session 5 Energy Policy vs Environmental Conservation Activities
Energy Policy Some thoughts from FUKUSHIMA
?Risks caused by Science and Technology and Public Acceptance?Jiro Iwata 95
Environmental Conservation Activities Live and Work with the Ocean
―My Lifework――Tomoaki Arimura 103
Synopsis Akira Nishimura and Junko Miyamoto
2nd movement Dialogue Goals of the Kagoshima Environmental Studies Program――Hiroshi Onodera and Kentaro Maruyama
Unit I History of the Kagoshima Environmental Studies Program 125
Unit II Thoughts about University, Research and Region 140
Kagoshima Environmental Studies Program Declaration 153
3rd movement Summary of Kagoshima Environment International Symposium 2012?Amami, the road to World Heritage?
Keynote speech The Prospect of Amami and Ryukyu Islands being listed for natural World Heritage
――Leslie F. Molloy 157
Panel discussion Amami, the road to World Heritage 170
Synopsis Kagoshima’s biodiversity――Takahiro Okano 196
Last movement Letters
To Mr. Nishimura and Ms. Oguri――Hiroshi Onodera 217
To Mr. Onodera and Ms. Oguri――Akira Nishimura 220
To Mr. Onodera and Mr. Nishimura――Yuko Oguri 223